Markers of language tolerance of journalists to people with disabilities in mass-media




speech tolerance of a journalist, markers of language tolerance, a person with a disability


The study analyzed the markers of language tolerance of journalists when covering news about people with disabilities in the media. The concept of linguistic tolerance of a journalist is revealed as the ability to carry out professional activities correctly, refraining from labeling, baseless generalizations, insulting statements and accusations without sufficient arguments and facts. The linguistic tolerance of a journalist towards people with disabilities is summarized in five markers, using which journalists will not cause psychological and moral harm to readers with disabilities. During the study, interviews were conducted with active journalists and people with disabilities. The analysis of the data collected showed that there is no clear coherence and understanding in the media environment of how to tolerantly and properly cover a person with a disability in the media. There are also no commonly accepted language markers among journalists to use in order not to discriminate or offend people with special needs. An interview with a student with a disability showed such individuals withdrawing into themselves, because they understand that they do not fully correspond to the generally accepted norms of society. In cases where journalists try to emphasize physical disabilities, a person with a disability begins to realize that he is not like everyone else. The article shows that because of the stereotypes embedded in the media, it is difficult for people with disabilities to perceive themselves, since it is often the tragic moments from the life of these people that are shown. This approach separates a person with a disability from society and builds a barrier that is very difficult to cross. Therefore, this study will try to show that there is a direct relationship between the language of a journalist in the media, which shapes the attitude towards people with disabilities in society as a whole. The lack of speech tolerance leads to a deterioration in the well-being of people with disabilities and their separation from society


Download data is not yet available.


Bart, E. & Nys, T. (2008). Tolerance: A Virtue?: Toward a Broad and Descriptive Definition of Tolerance. Philosophy in the Contemporary World, 15(1), 44–54.

Batsevich, F.S., Grabovskaya, S.L., & Darmoriz, O.V. (2012). Tolerance as a socio-cultural phenomenon: worldview and methodological aspect: a collective monograph (V.P. Melnyk, Ed.). Ivan Franko Lviv National University.

Bondarenko, T. (2017). Tolerance vs hatred. Results of the analysis of Ukrainian online publications for the presence of hate speech. Media detector.

Bourke, E. (2020). Disability in the UAE: how meaningful work can empower “people of determination.” Euronews.

Chepkina, E. (2016). Problems of tolerance in the media: textbook. Publishing house Ural. university.

Code of Ethics. (n.d.). Commission on Journalistic Ethics.

Cohen, A. J. (2004). What Toleration Is. Ethics, 115(1), 68–95.

Crick, B. (1971). Toleration and Tolerance in Theory and Practice. Government and Opposition, 6(2), 143–171.

Dashti, A. A., Johar, H. A., Al-Maamari, S. N., & AlAbdullah, H. H. (2020). Harted versus tolerance: the effect of the media on the notion of citizenship in Kuwait and Oman. Global Media and Communication, 16(3), 271–291.

Declaration of Principles of Tolerance. (1995, November 16). Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine. Legislation of Ukraine.

Emine Erdoğan engellilerle biraraya geldi. (2019, March 5). Son Dakika Haberleri.

Forst, R. (2007). Tolerance as a Virtue of Justice. An International Journal for Philosophy of Mind and Action, 4(3), 193–206.

Gilbert, C. (2022). Dinan. Grâce au foot fauteuil, “on ne se voit plus comme des handicapés, mais comme des sportifs.” Ouest-France.

Gromyak, R.T., & Kovalev, Y. I. (2007). Literary dictionary-reference book. VC "Academy".

Handbook of terms to indicate the state of disability. (n.d.). CRIN: Child Right International Network.

Justo, G. (2021). Daniel Dias: maior medalhista paralímpico do Brasil já foi baterista. Exame.

Khomenko, T. (2019). Media tolerance in crisis situations. Bulletin of Lviv University. Journalism Series, 45, 343–350.

Klyuev, Y. (2016). Tolerance of political media discourse in social interaction. International Research Journal, 11(53), 120–124.

Kovalev, Y.I. (2007). Literary Encyclopedia: In two volumes (Vol. 1). VC "Academy".

Lazarsfeld, P. F. (1947). Some remarks on the role of mass media in so-called tolerance propaganda. Social Issues, 3(3), 17–25.

Maksimova, O. (2015). Tolerance: from the Renaissance to the present. Scientific Journal of the National Pedagogical University named after M.P. Drahomanov, 20, 172–180.

Martino, A. S., Schormans, A. F., & Campbell, M. (2020). COVID-19 has isolated disabled people from family, love, sex. The Conversation.

Miles-Paul, O. (2022). Holt mehr Journalistinnen mit Behinderung in die Redaktion. Kobinet-Nachrichten.

Mitta, A. (2014). Cinema between hell and heaven.

Molchanova, A. (2013). Tolerance as a value basis of professional activity of a teacher: a manual. Institute of Pedagogical and Adult Education of the National Academy of Pedagogical Sciences of Ukraine.

Orlovskaya, O. V. (2012). Tolerance and its essential characteristics. Collection of scientific works of the Khmelnytsky Institute of Social Technologies of the University "Ukraine", 5, 159-163.

Pavonska, O., & Godunok, Z. (2019). Mass media in the media as a way of dramatization. Media Space, 11, 55–60.

Piren, M. (2015). Tolerance is an effective factor of harmony and consolidation in modern Ukrainian society. Visnyk NAPA. Social and Humanitarian Policy, 2, 51–56.

Radchenko, J. (2021). How to write correctly about gender and vulnerable groups? Explainer.

Ramesh, V. K. (2017). Tolerance and the media. International the News.

Roy, D. (2019). Why schools desperately need a royal commission into the abuse of disabled people. The Conversation.

Sukhomlin, O. (2008). Linguistic tolerance in a journalistic text: category parameters. Ukrainian Journalism: Scientific Journal, 42–48.

Virtosu, I. (Ed.). (2015). Nothing for us without us: A guide to inclusive decision-making for the media. Lenvit.

Virtosu, I. (n.d.). How to talk about people with disabilities: tips for journalists. Universal design.

Vogt, W. P. (1994). What is tolerance and why should we teach it? Review of Education, Pedagogy, and Cultural Studies, 16(3-4), 277–296.

Vogt, W. P. (1997). Tolerance & Education: Learning to Live with Diversity and Difference. SAGE Publications, Inc.

Whitman, K. (2011). Crisis of tolerance. In SV Kivalov (Ed.), Scientific works of NU OYUA (pp. 261–268). Legal literature.

Zakalyuzhny, L. (2018). Drama and television: an intermediate aspect (based on plays by contemporary Ukrainian authors). Transcarpathian Philological Studies, 3 (3), 125–130.




How to Cite

Markers of language tolerance of journalists to people with disabilities in mass-media. (2023). Current Issues of Mass Communication, 34, 42-57.

Most read articles by the same author(s)

1 2 3 > >>